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For Instant Launch: Friday, January 22, 2016
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CDC is working with different public well being officers to observe for ongoing Zika virus transmission. Right this moment, CDC added the next locations to the Zika virus journey alerts: Barbados, Bolivia, Ecuador, Guadeloupe, Saint Martin, Guyana, Cape Verde, and Samoa. On January 15, CDC issued a journey alert (Degree 2-Apply Enhanced Precautions) for individuals touring to areas and sure international locations the place Zika virus transmission is ongoing: the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, a U.S. territory; Brazil; Colombia; El Salvador; French Guiana; Guatemala; Haiti; Honduras; Martinique; Mexico; Panama; Paraguay; Suriname; and Venezuela. Particular areas the place Zika virus transmission is ongoing are sometimes troublesome to find out and are prone to proceed to vary over time.
As extra info turns into out there, CDC journey alerts will likely be up to date. Vacationers to areas the place circumstances of Zika virus an infection have been lately confirmed are susceptible to being contaminated with the Zika virus. Vacationers to those areas might also be susceptible to being contaminated with dengue or chikungunya viruses. Mosquitoes that unfold Zika, chikungunya, and dengue are aggressive daytime biters, favor to chunk individuals, and stay indoors and outdoor close to individuals. There isn’t any vaccine or drugs out there for Zika virus. One of the best ways to keep away from Zika virus an infection is to stop mosquito bites.
Some vacationers to areas with ongoing Zika virus transmission will turn out to be contaminated whereas touring however won’t turn out to be sick till they return residence. Signs embrace fever, rash, joint ache, and pink eyes. Different generally reported signs embrace muscle ache, headache, and ache behind the eyes. The sickness is often delicate with signs lasting from a number of days to per week. Extreme illness requiring hospitalization is unusual and case fatality is low. Vacationers to those areas ought to monitor for signs or sickness upon return. In the event that they turn out to be in poor health, they need to inform their healthcare skilled the place they’ve traveled and when.
Till extra is understood, and out of an abundance of warning, CDC continues to suggest that pregnant girls and ladies attempting to turn out to be pregnant take the next precautions:
- Pregnant girls in any trimester ought to think about suspending journey to the areas the place Zika virus transmission is ongoing. Pregnant girls who should journey to one in every of these areas ought to speak to their physician or different healthcare skilled first and strictly comply with steps to keep away from mosquito bites in the course of the journey.
- Girls attempting to turn out to be pregnant ought to seek the advice of with their healthcare skilled earlier than touring to those areas and strictly comply with steps to stop mosquito bites in the course of the journey.
Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) has been reported in sufferers with possible Zika virus an infection in French Polynesia and Brazil. Analysis efforts may even look at the hyperlink between Zika and GBS.